EARLY MODERN (1920-1945)

The Modern Art movement of the 1920s utilized geometric forms, rather than heavy ornamentation, to define spaces. There was a focus on strong lines and curves, and building materials shifted to concrete, steel, and glass. Early Modern architecture styles include-

  • Art Deco- characterized as tall or vertical shaped, ornamentations such as chevrons, zigzags, sun rays, etc, usually white or brightly colored.
  • Streamline Moderne- Characteristics include an asymmetrical design, a low or horizontal shape, a flat roof without eaves, smooth, white walls with rounded corners, and a lack of ornamentation or decorative detailing,
  • Minimal Traditional- usually one-story + attic with minimal decorative detail, low or moderately-pitched roofs with minimal eaves, side-gables and front gables, often with the front door centered underneath.
  • Modern- emphasis on clean lines, often featuring glass walls and combined high-quality materials like steel and plastic with wood and stone, open floor plans, and an incorporation of the natural surroundings.